900 Egyptians begin making paper.
969 Earliest known use of playing cards in China.
1041—48 Date of earliest known moveable type in China made of earthenware set in an iron form.
900—1100 Mayans write the Dresden Codex.
1140 Papermaking begins in Muslim Spain in Xåtiva.
1143 The Qur’an is translated into Latin.
1264 First record of papermaking in Fabriano, Italy.
1282 First watermarks, in Fabriano, Italy. 1308 Dante begins writing The Divine Comedy.
1307 Paper first used in England.
1332 Paper first used in Holland.
1338 Papermaking starts in Troyes.
1353 Boccaccio writes The Decameron.
1387 Chaucer starts writing Canterbury Tales.
1389 German papermaking begins in Nuremberg.
1403 King Taejong of Korea orders bronze type.
1411 Papermaking begins in Switzerland.
1423 Earliest known European block prints.
1440—50 First European block books.
1456 Gutenberg completes printing his first Bible with moveable type.
- Mainz is destroyed and its printers disperse.
1463 Ulrich Zell starts the Cologne printing industry.
1464 The Subiaco Monastery near Rome becomes the first print house in Italy.
1469 Epistolae ad Familiares by Cicero is the first book printed in Venice.
1473 Lucas Brandis establishes first printing press in Lübeck.
1475 OR 1476 Le livre de merveilles du monde becomes the first book printed in the French language.
1477 William Caxton opens Britain’s first printing press
1494 Aldus Manutius starts the Aldine Press in Venice.
1495 John Tate establishes the first paper mill in England in Hertfordshire.
1515 Albrecht Dürer starts etching.
- Hernån Cortés lands near Vera Cruz and begins the destruction of Aztec culture.
- Martin Luther’s To the Christian Nobility ofthe German Nation is printed and 50,000 copies are distributed in two years.
1528 Fr. Juan de Zumårraga arrives in Mexico as protector of the Indians, and burns books.
1539 Spanish begin first printing press in Mexico to make books for the indigenous people.
1549 Mayan library burned by the Spanish. 1575 Spanish build the first paper mill in Mexico.
1576 Russians begin papermaking.
1586 A decree authorizing papermaking in Dordrecht is earliest record of Dutch papermaking.
1605 Publication of Cervantes’s Don Quixote.
1609 The world’s first newspaper, Avisa Relation Oder Zeitung, published in Strasbourg.
1627 The Catholic siege of La Rochelle in France drives Huguenot papermakers to England.
1635 Papermaking begins in Denmark.
1638 First English printing press is brought to America.
1672 With invention of the Hollander beater, Holland becomes a net exporter rather than importer of fine white paper.
1690 William Rittenhouse establishes first paper mill in America.
1690 America’s first newspaper, Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, published in Boston.
1690 First paper money in the American colonies issued in Massachusetts.
1698 Thomas Savery designs the first steam engine to pump out mines.
1702 The Daily Courant in London, the first daily newspaper, begins publishing.
1719 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur describes how wasps make paper from wood.
1728 Papermaking in Massachusetts begins.
1744 A Little Pretty Pocket Book, the first illustrated children’s book, is published in England
- Papermaking in Virginia begins.
1767 Papermaking in Connecticut commences.
1768 Abel Buell is the first to cut and cast type in the American colonies.
1769 First manufacturer of printing presses in the British American colonies, Isaac Doolittle begins in New Haven.
1773 Papermaking in New York begins.
1774 The Swedish apothecary Carl Scheel discovers chlorine, which eventually leads to bleach.
1785 An independent London newspaper, The Daily Universal Register, begins publishing. Three years later it changes its name to The Times.
1790 Thomas Bewick becomes the most sought-after illustrator in Britain. Artist J. M. W. Turner begins his experiments with watercolors.
1796 Alois Senefelder invents the lithograph.
1798 Nicolas-Louis Robert applies for a patent for his continuous paper machine.
1800 Lord Stanhope invents a cast iron printer.
1803 World’s first mechanised paper machine installed at Frogmore Mill, Apsley, UK
1804 Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents the automatic loom, operated by punch cards.
1809 John Dickinson patents his cylinder mould papermaking machine.
1810 Friedrich Koenig invents a steam-powered printer.
1811 The Luddites start smashing automatic looms in England.
1814 The Times of London uses Koenig’s steam-powered printer.
1818 Joshua Gilpin builds the first continuous-paper machine in America.
1820 More than 29 million newspapers are sold in Britain this year.
1825 Joseph Nicéphore Niépce makes the first photograph.
1830 New bleaching process makes white paper from coloured rags possible.
1833 An English patent is granted for making paper from wood.
1840 William Henry Fox Talbot makes first permanent photo on paper.
1841 Ebenezer Landells starts the London satirical magazine Punch.
1843 American Richard M. Hoe invents the steam-powered rotary printing press.
1863 American papermakers start using wood pulp.
1867 English wood pulp grinder exhibited in Paris.
1867 Wood pulp for paper first ground in the United States in Stockbridge, Massachusetts.
1867 Typewriter invented.
1872 United States surpasses Britain and Germany to become the largest paper producer in the world.
1874 Yukosha Company begins making machine-made paper in Tokyo, and six other companies follow in Osaka, Kyoto, Kobe.
1890 US census tabulated by punch-card machines.
1899 Swedish explorer Sven Hedin, while excavating the ruins of the vanished city of Lu Lan, finds paper from 252 BCE, completely upsetting the history of paper.
1931 Vannevar Bush builds an analog electromechanical computer.
1945 John von Neumann publishes a paper on using binary numbers to program electronic memory.
1947 Transistor invented at Bell Labs.
1951 Remington Rand produces forty-six UNIVAC I computers with memory storage and output on magnetic tape.
1958 Microchip invented.